Preventing heart attacks and stroke deaths through a Heart Age Test
[Nov 2, 2021: Staffordshire University]
A new study by Staffordshire University shows that people who understand their ‘heart age’ are more likely to make healthy lifestyle changes.
50 preventable deaths from heart attack or stroke happen every day and Public Health England’s online Heart Age Test (HAT) allows users to compare their real age to the predicted age of their heart.
The tool aims to provide early warning signs of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, encouraging members of the public to reduce their heart age through diet and exercise and to take up the offer of an NHS Health Check.
Evaluation of user data found the test was completed almost 5 million times between February 2015 and June 2020. Engagement with the tool was higher in groups typically underrepresented in the NHS Health Check programme including males, younger eligible adults and individuals from Indian and other ethnic backgrounds.
An online survey of more than 800 users and a sub-sample of follow-up interviews found that participants had a strong emotional response to their estimated heart age. Users understood the meaning of a higher estimated heart age, better understood their CVD risk and felt more in control of their health.
They were also more likely to take up the offer of an NHS Health Check, use the test again to check their heart health, and make changes to their lifestyle.
CHAD Research Associate Dr Victoria Riley, who led the study, said: “Deaths from heart attack or stroke are often preventable and so addressing health issues early is incredibly important. Our findings show that pre-screening tests, such as the HAT, can encourage individuals to evaluate their lifestyle choices and increase their intentions to change behaviour.”
Some participants raised concerns about the accuracy of the test, largely because they did not know their blood pressure or cholesterol numbers when completing the HAT. Yet for many it served as a ‘wake up call’ with most users saying they would, or had already, recommended the test to others.
Victoria added: “There were some real success stories. We interviewed users, on average, a week after completing the HAT and were surprised that many had already made lifestyle changes. Being given an estimated heart age also makes it easier for people to understand their CVD risk and means that they are more likely to go away and find out more about their heart health - which could ultimately save lives.”
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