[Aug 2, 2022: Annabel Mansfield, University of South Australia]
Wearable activity trackers encourage us to walk up to 40 minutes more each day. (CREDIT: Creative Commons)
New findings from Australian researchers have endorsed what millions of people around the world believe: fitness trackers, pedometers and smart watches motivate us to exercise more and lose weight.
Wearable activity trackers encourage us to walk up to 40 minutes more each day (approximately 1800 more steps), resulting in an average 1kg weight loss over five months.
Researchers from the University of South Australia reviewed almost 400 studies involving 164,000 people across the world using wearable activity trackers (WATs) to monitor their physical activity.
Their findings, published in Lancet Digital Health, underline the value of low-cost interventions to tackle a growing epidemic of health conditions partially caused by a lack of exercise, including cardiovascular disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, cancers, and mental illness.
Lead researcher UniSA PhD candidate Ty Ferguson says despite the popularity of WATs, there is widespread scepticism about their effectiveness, accuracy, and whether they fuel obsessive behaviours and eating disorders, but the evidence is overwhelmingly positive.
“The overall results from the studies we reviewed shows that wearable activity trackers are effective across all age groups and for long periods of time,” Ferguson says. “They encourage people to exercise on a regular basis, to make it part of their routine and to set goals to lose weight.”
The 1kg weight loss may not seem a lot, but researchers say from a public health perspective it is meaningful.
“Bearing in mind these were not weight loss studies, but lifestyle physical activity studies, so we wouldn’t expect dramatic weight loss,” says UniSA Professor Carol Maher, co-author of the review.
Summary of evidence for the effectiveness of wearable activity trackers on physical activity, physiological, and psychosocial outcomes
“The average person gains about 0.5 kg a year in weight creep so losing 1kg over five months is significant, especially when you consider that two thirds of Australians are overweight or obese.”
Relationship between the percentage of studies showing significant favourable associations and the total number of included studies, for reviews that did not use meta-analysis. The larger dots indicate lumped values for the overall categories of physical activity outcomes, physiological outcomes, and psychosocial outcomes. DASS=Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale. LPA=light physical activity. MPA=moderate physical activity. MVPA=moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. PA=physical activity. QoL=quality of life. VPA=vigorous physical activity. (CREDIT: Effectiveness of wearable activity trackers to increase physical activity and improve health: a systematic review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses)
Between 2014 and 2020, the number of wearable activity trackers shipped worldwide increased by almost 1500 per cent, translating to a global spend of $2.8 billion in 2020.
Apart from the extra physical activity and weight loss attributed to WATs, there is some evidence that fitness trackers also help lower blood pressure and cholesterol in people with type 2 diabetes and other health conditions.
“The other reported benefit is that WATs improved depression and anxiety through an increase in physical activity,” Ferguson says.
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Note: Materials provided above by University of South Australia. Content may be edited for style and length.
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